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The landscape team is currently working on the following activities in this stage:  Forming a DEVELOP stage team and MoU The partners group formalizes the partnership through an operational design team for the develop stage and a signs MoU clarifying roles for design and implementation Program development Specific studies (detailed feasibility studies, economic analyses...) or pilot activities may be carried out and reviewed to be incorporated in the  program  document Program design document  The Landscape partnership team submits a full program design document to one of the relevant funds or investor (LDNF, GCF, FCPF)
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Dawna Tenasserim Transboundary Landscape (Myanmar and Thailand)

The Dawna Tenasserim landscape is arguably one of the most significant landscapes for biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia, and certainly of the Greater Mekong region. At 178,896 km2 it is roughly the same size as the country of Cambodia and remains at around 82% forest cover. The Dawna Tenasserim is one of the last strongholds for iconic species in the region such as tiger, Indochinese leopard, Asian elephants and an incredible range of bird species. Primarily inhabited by indigenous peoples, the dense forests and long-standing conflict along the Myanmar-Thai border have led to this frontier-land remaining largely untouched. Until recently. With multiple drivers such as regional economic connectivity pushing infrastructure development, and increasing demand for meat consumption behind conversion to commodities such as maize, the Dawna Tenasserim is at threat like never before.

What is required is an integrated, rights-based approach to conserving this spectacular and vital landscape. This necessarily involves strategies to work with stakeholders in identifying critical conservation corridors for protection in the landscape, working to strengthen protection in areas already designated for conservation, research to better understand existing wildlife conservation and recovery needs, sustainable livelihood options for local communities and approaches to addressing large scale drivers of deforestation in the landscape such as commodities and infrastructure. Ramping up of support is needed to pilot new approaches and scale up existing successful practices within the landscape.

Landscape description

The forested Dawna Tenasserim Landscape covers 178,896 km2 and stretches along the border between Myanmar and Thailand. The landscape is 82% forest and comprises the largest contiguous forested area of the Greater Mekong region. Evergreen and deciduous trees, pine and deciduous woodland, savanna, scrubland, wetlands and settled areas together form a rich mosaic and biodiversity hotspot. The 168 mammal species that live there include an estimated 130 tigers and over a 1,000 elephants, as well as gaur (Indian bison), bangteng (wild cattle) and deer. In addition, there are more than 500 bird species in the area. According to the IUCN Red List, several of these species are highly endangered or at risk of extinction.


The forest ecosystem helps curb the effects of climate change and ensures provision of drinking water for people living in and around the Landscape. The Mae Klong river basin, for example, provides the 12 million inhabitants of Bangkok with 30% of their drinking water. Various ethnic groups live in the Dawna Tenasserim Landscape. The largest of these is the Karen, while smaller groups include the Hmong, Lisu and Mon.


Myanmar, Thailand - transboundary landscape

Contact organisation

WWF-Greater Mekong 

Local landscape lead

Regan Pairojmahakij
Dawna Tenasserim Transboundary Landscape Manager
WWF-Greater Mekong (based in WWF Thailand office)
Level 3, Phisit Building, 9 Pra Dipat Soi 10, 
Pra Dipat Road, Phaya Thai,
Bangkok 10400
Tel:       +66 2 619 8534-37
Cell:      +66 8 164 95041

Main partners

Department of National Parks (DNP) - Thailand

Royal Forest Department (RFD) - Thailand

Karen Forestry Department (KFD) - Myanmar

Forest Department (FD) - Myanmar

Communities in and around conservation areas (Myanmar and Thailand)

Regional and international organizations; e.g.

 RECOFTC: the Center for People and Forests,

WCS: Wildlife Conservation Society,

FFI: Fauna and Flora International,

Total area (ha)

17,889,600 ha

Overall goal

To conserve the Dawna Tenasserim Landscape as an intact ecosystem that provides protected and connected habitats for wildlife and safeguards ecosystem values and services for local communities and the nations.

Expected impacts

a) persistence of target species in the landscape

b) conservation of forest and freshwater ecosystems at scales necessary to sustain key ecosystem processes that sustain biodiversity and critical ecosystem services to local communities. 


The priority threats to forests, species, and water in the Dawna Tenasserim that have to be addressed are: large scale forest conversion for commodity crops and plantations; land allocation for timber and mining concessions; infrastructure development that affect ecological connectivity and e-flows; degradation of rivers and threats to e-flows from dams and hydropower projects; subsistence hunting; commercial poaching for the international illegal wildlife trade; human wildlife conflict; and unsustainable fishing practices.

The major drivers of these threats are: lack of effective community engagement in conservation and sustainable resource use; lack of clear policies related to integrated land use; in Myanmar, weak governance in EIA enforcement, lack of understanding of ecosystem services, poor natural resource governance, armed conflict; regional/ASEAN development activities and eventual consequences of resource and land use.

Landscape approach

Adaptation landscape, Green Economy landscape, Sustainable production landscape, Forest Restoration landscape, Tiger Conservation Landscape, Transboundary landscape


Maize, rubber, cassava, betelnut, oil palm

Related Sector

Agriculture, Conservation, Forestry, Finance, NTFPs, Infrastructure, Tourism, Transport, Water, 

Global brands present

Lead institution

WWF - Greater Mekong


100-200 M USD

Current sources of funding



• Basket funding support to Dawna Tenasserim (Donor: WWF Switzerland)

 • From Conflict to Collaboration (Donor: WWF Denmark/ Jensen Fund)

• Tiger Sweden Project – basket funding (Donor: WWF Sweden)

• Protecting Key Species Populations and Building Programme Development Capacity in DTL (Donor: WWF Poland)

• Wildlife College (Donor: WWF US, WWF Singapore)


• WWF DK-Danida Framework Agreement for Greater Mekong (Donor: WWF Denmark)

• NRM in Tanintharyi region (Donor: WWF Germany/BMZ/Bengo)

• The Ler Mu Lah project (Donor: WWF Australia/Beven and Glenys Jones)


• Sustainable Rubber (Donor: WWF Japan, WWF Singapore, WWF US, DaNa Facility/DFID) 

• NRM in Tanintharyi region (Donor: WWF Germany/BMZ/Bengo)


• SIDA-GM Civil Society Project (Donor: Sweden)

• Making the Dawei Road Sustainable (Donor: WWF US/SALL)


• WWF DK-Danida Framework Agreement for Greater Mekong (Donor: WWF Denmark)



Dawna Tenasserim Basket Funds (Donor: WWF Austria, WWF Belgium WWF Switzerland)

 Kuiburi and Kaeng Krachan Wildlife Conservation Project (Donor: WWF US, WWF Japan, WWF Australia, Samsung, WWF Singapore)

Mae Wong Khlong Lan Tiger Recovery Project (Donor: WWF Germany, WWF US, WWF Sweden, B.Grimm)

Support to Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary (Donor: WWF Switzerland)

Tiger Sweden Project – basket funding (Donor: WWF Sweden)


SIDA-GM Civil Society Project (Donor: Sweden)

Expected sources of funding

Investment to the landscape comes in various forms including government funding, individual donors, private sector and through the WWF network. We are currently at implementation stage with a view to scaling up.

Proposed priority programs or sectors

Strategy 1. Stop Forest Loss.  Develop and implement an early warning system to collect, analyse and use information to take timely action against forest loss and degradation in key conservation areas.

 Strategy 2. Facilitate a land-use plan and influence policies for integrated land use planning and influencing large infrastructure plans.

Strategy 3. Improve knowledge of the distribution, occupancy, density, behaviour (including responses to infrastructure) of elephants and tigers for metapopulation management.

Strategy 4. Secure ecological connectivity. Maintain, and restore where necessary, functional connectivity across landscape for key species, including transboundary connectivity.

Strategy 5. Cut off the supply of wildlife products for the international wildlife trade and illegal bushmeat trade to work towards Zero Poaching of all wildlife in all WWF working sites.

Strategy 6. Eliminate the illegal trade in wildlife. Build capacity of enforcement cadres to investigate and close down the illegal wildlife markets and trade routes to stop the international illegal wildlife trade.

Strategy 7. People for Conservation. Engaging local communities as conservation stewards by implementing socio-economic development projects that are linked to, and motivate conservation of key species and habitats. This is cross-cutting with forests and freshwater.

Strategy 8. Facilitate coexistence between people and wildlife. Take proactive measures to minimize and mitigateHWC in WWF working areas.

Strategy 9.  Assess the impacts of economic and livelihood activities on the ecology of priority sub-basins and tributaries. 

Strategy 10. Mobilize and empower communities to carry out monitoring and reporting of activities related to impacts on freshwater ecosystems and associated catchments with high rates of degradation to maintain water quality by raising community interest, awareness, stewardship, and governance of aquatic ecosystems. Incorporate evidence to relevant planning processes, including IWRM. 

Strategy 11.  Promotion of a Green economy for sustainability.  Facilitate the entry of Green investments by national, regional, and international companies, especially to provide market and economic benefits to local communities in return for conservation stewardship.

Strategy 12. Access financing for long term conservation.


edited on 3rd December 2020, 17:12 by Deesha Chandra
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Deesha Chandra Jul 20, 2020

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

Reply 1

Deesha Chandra Jan 8, 2021

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

Reply 1