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The landscape team is currently working on the following activities in this stage:  Forming a DEVELOP stage team and MoU The partners group formalizes the partnership through an operational design team for the develop stage and a signs MoU clarifying roles for design and implementation Program development Specific studies (detailed feasibility studies, economic analyses...) or pilot activities may be carried out and reviewed to be incorporated in the  program  document Program design document  The Landscape partnership team submits a full program design document to one of the relevant funds or investor (LDNF, GCF, FCPF)
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The Pacifico Norte landscape within the Choco-Darien

The Choco-Darien is an extremely biodiversity rich region recognised for its mangroves, estuarine forests, lowland and montane rainforests. It has more than 7,500 species of plant, 700 butterflies, and more than 1,500 birds, as well as important populations of coastal species such as marine turtles and humpback whales.

Landscape description

It is also a region of unique socio-cultural value, home to nine indigenous groups (who own over 20% of the territory) and numerous Afro-decent communities (who own approx. 60%). In addition, 13% is under strict protected area status. Therefore more than 80 percent of the territory falls under some type of environmental protection or community management category. Although large swathes of the Chocó Darien Ecoregion as a whole are highly threatened, the ecological integrity of the region remains largely intact: about 70% of the original forest cover remains extant (8,374,468 ha).

The Pacifico Norte landscape (North Pacific landscape) has been chosen within the Choco- Darien Ecoregion for the following reasons: This landscape has been prioritized by multiple environmental assessments exercises, including terrestrial and coastal and marine approaches and considering biodiversity richness, ecological integrity and connectivity, environmental services provisions, climate change vulnerability, deforestation trends, infrastructure projects and mining.

Some of these studies are: Main ecological structure of the Colombian Pacific, Choco Departmental System of Protected Areas (SIDAP Chocó), Regional System of Pacific Protected Areas (SIRAP Pacifico), Marine and coastal conservation priorities (SIRAP Pacific - WWF).



Contact organisation


Local landscape lead

Luis Fernando Gomez

Main partners

ICCO Cooperation

Private sector partners

  • Crepps and Waffles (restaurant chain)
  • ALSEC - (supplies for the food industry)
  • Closter Bahia Solano-Nuquí (Hotels, local guides)
  • The community councils of black communities (Cocomacia, Asocasan, Riscales)


Total area (ha)

The Choco Darien ecoregion is approx. 17,000,000 ha in its entirety, 11,130,00 ha of which are in Colombia.

The Pacifico Norte landscape is located in the north of the Chocó-Darien ecoregion in Colombia and covers an area of 6,079.520 hectares, 87.9% of which is landscape and 12.1% of which is seascape.

Overall goal

1) Healthy Functioning ecosystems

2) More equitable access and distribution of land and natural resources

3) Active and effective participation, commitment and innovation from civil society and private sector

Expected impacts

1) Continuous attitudinal gradients of natural vegetation from the Andean forests to the lowland jungles and tropical savannas.

2) Free flowing rivers and wetland systems that connect terrestrial and marine environments.

3) Ecologically functional marine and coastal environments. Fisheries resources, turtles, mangrove, rainforest, wetlands, encourage small businesses to use biodiversity sustainably


Key threats are illegal and uncontrolled use of timber and non-timber forest resources including logging, illegal artisanal and large scale mining. clearing for illicit crops, infrastructure development expansion of forest plantations and agro-industry. Isolation of the territory and weak presence of the state make it a key area of armed conflict adding to illegal economic activities.

Problem analysis: The lack of opportunities for local communities to access economic alternatives increases illegal activities with negative impacts on the environment such as illicit crops and illegal mining. As an example, in 2016, 39% of the area with illicit crop production in Colombia was concentrated in the Pacific region. Likewise, 46% of the lands degraded by illegal mining are located in the Pacific region.

Landscape approach

Catchment / basin management, landscape, REDD+, Integrated coastal zone management, Integrated water resources management, Ecosystem / forest restoration landscapes.


Gold, platinum, cocoa, coffee, and timber.

Related Sector

Marine, Freshwater

Global brands present

Grupo Tacami - (international food restaurant chain).

Lead institution

WWF Colombia with ICCO


No answer chosen

Current sources of funding


*) Fisheries Authority AUNAP 

*) National Parks Agency 

WWF has just completed the implementation of the GEF / UNDP Project Conservation of biodiversity in landscapes impacted by mining in Chocó (2015-2019). DFCD may scale processes derived from this project

Currently, Forest Governance work from the National Parks agency is focussed in PNN Tatamá (Tadó) and work with National Fisheries authority (AUNAP) in Nuquí and Bahía Solano.

GEF BID SINAP (focus at national level with support to regional approach at policy level) 

Expected sources of funding

Potential: DFCD for bankable projects

Proposed priority programs or sectors

sustainable food and agriculture - coffee, fishery products, shells 

agribusiness - sugarcane, rice 

non-agricultural green business - ecotourism 


edited on 26th October 2020, 10:10 by Louisa Landscape Finance Lab
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Manuel Castrillo Durán Sep 28, 2020

Indudablemente un sitio de gran valor estratégico en su biodiversidad y que esperemos, se continúe con una mayor integración a futuro de manera sostenible.

Reply 1

Deesha Chandra Jan 8, 2021

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

Reply 0

Deesha Chandra Jan 8, 2021

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

Reply 0