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The landscape team is currently working on the following activities in this stage:  Forming a DEVELOP stage team and MoU The partners group formalizes the partnership through an operational design team for the develop stage and a signs MoU clarifying roles for design and implementation Program development Specific studies (detailed feasibility studies, economic analyses...) or pilot activities may be carried out and reviewed to be incorporated in the  program  document Program design document  The Landscape partnership team submits a full program design document to one of the relevant funds or investor (LDNF, GCF, FCPF)
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Kafue Flats, Zambia

To be added shortly 

Landscape description

Kafue Flats are a part of the Zambezi River Basin. It is home to hundreds of endemic and endangered species and provides livelihoods for 900,000 people including smallholder farmers and fishing communities. Kafue Flats are considered as the economic engine of Zambia providing 44% of Lusaka City's water supply and 50% of Zambia's hydroelectricity. The landscape is also of agricultural importance including 90% of Zambesi sugarcane production and 20% of the national cattle herd. 30% of the national tourism is attributed to this area.


Zambia - Kafue Flats river catchment 

Contact organisation

WWF Zambia 

Local landscape lead

Chanda Mwale,  Water Stewardship Manager, WWF Zambia


Main partners

Government endorsement

The government is represented on the KF-JAG through the Water Resources Management Authority, in a technical advisory role. However, it is unclear the extent to which the water authority or wider government stakeholders are in agreement with the Action Plan of the KF-JAG.Moreover, the Plan highlights multiple activity areas that are directly within the government's scope, e.g. establishing Water User Associations, capacitating ZEMA for improved monitoring and enforcement, policy alignment initiatives, among others. While plans and legislation are in place, enforement and implementation is weak.Violations by water users go unchecked due in part to lack of legal backing of water user associations.

Private sector partners

Zambreweries, Zambia Sugar PLC and the Lusaka Water and Sewarage Company (these partners are part of the Kafue Flats Joint Action Group founded by WWF)

Total area (ha)

640,000 hectares

Overall goal

Investment themes

  • Renewable Energy
  • Sustainable Agriculture (cattle ranching, irrigation)
  • Ecosystem Restoration
  • Waste Water Treatment

Expected impacts


  • Dams (i.e. Itezhi tezhi and Kafue Gorge dams)
  • Irrigation
  • Vegetation destruction
  • Overgrazing [& burning grass]
  • Poaching Overfishing

Landscape approach

Catchment/basin management (tbc)

Integrated water resources management (tbc)

A landscape approach is needed to safeguard and sustainably develop the Lower Kafue, taking into account the impacts of climate change on the livelihoods dependent on the ecosystem. There exist several opportunities for projects that ensure increased climate resilience, mitigation and adaptation.


Hydropower generation, sugarcane production

Related Sector

  • Agriculture (sugar, fisheries, cattle, cotton etc.)
  • Manufacturing
  • Power Production

Global brands present

  • ABinBev
  • Zambeef 
  • Zesco
  • Illovo Limited
  • Parmalat
  • Sinohydro

Lead institution

WWF Zambia 


No answer chosen

Current sources of funding

WWF-Z has secured seed funding through a Public Private Partnership for a pre-feasibility study for an industrial wastewater treatment plant (targeting DFCD).

Expected sources of funding

Proposed priority programs or sectors


edited on 6th October 2020, 13:10 by Deesha Chandra
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Deesha Chandra Jan 8, 2021

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

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Deesha Chandra Jan 8, 2021

The idea has been progressed to the next milestone.

Reply 0