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We welcome you to use this space to share resources, tools, inspiring cases and opportunities with fellow members.

As essential reading we'd recommend starting with the 1) Little Book of Sustainable Landscapes, 2) Landscape Elements resource and Ecoagriculture Partners' 3) Business for Sustainable Landscapes report


Due to its successes, this model has been adopted by the government for use in other large REDD+ jurisdictional programs. 

This case study describes how WWF and its partners worked with communities in the Maï-Ndombe province of the DRC to improve local governance through the participation of women and Indigenous groups in land-use planning, mapping, decision-making, and other activities essential to conserving the region’s forests and wildlife, tackling deforestation and degradation while building sustainable livelihoods.

Due to its successes, this model has been adopted by the government for use in other large REDD+ jurisdictional programs.

As part of WWF's Inspiring Practices series, these case examples are designed to share forest and climate lessons learned, so that they may be replicated or adapted as appropriate by others for their own forest and climate related work.

Download the report here

For the first time standards including Better Cotton Initiative, Fairtrade, FSC, and the Roundtable for Sustainable Biomaterials will be able to quantify carbon emission reductions in their certified commodities in a way that corporate purchasers can count toward their climate commitments.

GENEVA, SWITZERLAND – 25 August 2020: With increasing demand for more sustainable, climate-friendly goods and services, ISEAL member standards are collaborating with Gold Standard to define common practices to calculate carbon reductions and sequestration that companies can easily report against their Science Based Targets or other climate performance objectives. The objective is to drive sustainability at a landscape scale through certified commodities with improved climate impact.

A company purchasing Fairtrade-certified coffee or sourcing their cotton as ‘Better Cotton’ from licensed Better Cotton Initiative farmers, for example, will be able to report lower emission factors for these commodities in line with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and thus, a lower corporate carbon footprint. 

For producers, this increases the value of their certified commodities by not only ensuring that production processes are equitable and sustainable, but by also adding another quantified, verified impact that companies can claim toward increasingly important climate commitments.

Paul Chatterton, Founder and Lead for WWF Landscape Finance Lab says, “We expect this initiative to catalyse sustainability action and investment at scale by creating more demand for certified commodities at a landscape level, rather than isolated interventions with specific producers or projects.”

"Making it easier to report on the positive climate impacts of the use of certified, sustainably produced products is progress toward to support real, measurable change,” adds Rolf Hogan, Executive Director of the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials.

“Forests play a fundamental role for the world’s climate, and giving responsible forest managers the tools to demonstrate carbon reductions and sequestration will enable consumers and companies to conscientiously promote positive impacts,” comments Kim Carstensen, Director General, FSC International.

SustainCERT, the official certification partner for Gold Standard for the Global Goals, will lead pilot initiatives with participating standards, verify pilot outcomes and help companies attribute the impacts in their corporate reporting.

The consortium also intends to explore how the methodologies and guidance might be extended to catalyse other critical sustainability impacts such as water, soil, or deforestation free targets.

This programme supports Gold Standard’s aim to help the world #GrowToZero: To meet the Paris Agreement’s goal of Net-Zero emissions while acclerating progress toward zero extreme poverty, zero hunger, zero biodiversity loss and other ambitious targets.

The initiative is made possible thanks to a grant from the ISEAL Innovations Fund, which is supported by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs SECO.

Read more about the partners here 


A Delivery Lab which explores challenges and solutions to climate actions. In this episode the team behind a project to  establish Macauba-based Silvopastoral agroforestry value chain in Brazil will share three main delivery challenges that emerged during implementation, and how the project team overcame them and learned from the experience.

Wednesday June 17th at 10am EST/ 4pm CET

Register for the event here 

This FIP-funded project has established the first sustainable macauba-based silvopastoral agroforestry value chain in the world. As of March 2020, the project achieved 502 hectares planted with macauba trees (133,944 macauba trees planted), 26 farmers trained on agroforestry and silvopastoral systems and 207,000 tons of macauba fruit collected.

Click here to read the full case study.  



The Lab is excited to host new concepts in the Landscape Incubator over the coming months with the aim to harness cross-organisational collaboration and peer support among landscape teams.

The first of these collborations kicks off with Birdlife Partners participating in the Birdlife Forest Landscape Sustainability Accelerator

The first cohort of BirdLife Partners in the Accelerator are advancing sustainable financing strategies at a landscape-scale in Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, Dominican Republic, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia.

Modelled on the innovation that powers start-ups in the tech sector, the accelerator is a fixed-term, cohort-based programme bringing together seed investment, connections, mentorship, training workshops, and promotional events to accelerate growth.

The first new landscape to join is shared by Guyra Paraguay who are developing an organic shade-grown yerba mate enterprise with the farmers from the Alto Verá District and the Mbyá Guarani from Arroyo Moroti Community. By rewarding smallholders for their positive actions to conserve the forest and its wildlife, and creating forested corridors for a thriving biodiversity. Read more about the concept here - we welcome Lab members to offer advice, comments and share opportunities to support the concept team. 



European Commission Press Release, Brussels 23 July 2019

[this week]....the European Commission adopted a comprehensive Communication setting out a new framework of actions to protect and restore the world's forests, which host 80% of biodiversity on land, support the livelihoods of around a quarter of the world's population, and are vital to our efforts to fight climate change.

The reinforced approach...addresses both the supply and demand side of the issue. It introduces measures for enhanced international cooperation with stakeholders and Member States, promotion of sustainable finance, better use of land and resources, sustainable job creation and supply chain management, and targeted research and data collection. It also launches an assessment of possible new regulatory measures to minimise the impact of EU consumption on deforestation and forest degradation.

First Vice-President Frans Timmermans, responsible for sustainable development, said: “Forests are the green lungs of our planet, and we must care for them in the same way we care for our own lungs. We will not meet our climate targets without protecting the world's forests. The EU does not host the world's major primary forests on its territory, but our actions as individuals and our policy choices have a major impact. Today we send an important signal to our citizens and to our partners around the world that the EU is prepared to play a leadership role in this area in the next five years, and beyond.”

Vice-President Jyrki Katainen, responsible for jobs, growth, investment and competitiveness, said: “The world's forest cover continues to decrease at an alarming rate. With this Communication, we are stepping up EU action to protect existing forests better and manage forests sustainably. When we protect existing forests and increase forest cover sustainably, we safeguard livelihoods and increase the income of local communities. Forests also represent a promising green economic sector, with the potential to create between 10 and 16 million decent jobs worldwide. This Communication represents an important step forward in this regard.”

Commissioner for environment, maritime affairs and fisheries, Karmenu Vella added: "Stronger and more effective European action is needed to protect and restore forests because the situation remains fragile, despite efforts already made. Deforestation has a destructive effect on biodiversity, climate and economy."

Commissioner for International Development, Neven Mimica, said: “We stand ready to work with partner countries to protect and sustainably manage forests across the world. This is about food security, water, climate change, resilience and peace. It's about building a more sustainable and inclusive world."

The ambitious European approach outlined today is a response to the continued widespread destruction of the world's forests; an area of 1.3 million square kilometres was lost between 1990 and 2016, equivalent to approximately 800 football fields every hour. The main drivers of this deforestation are demand for food, feed, biofuel, timber and other commodities.

Greenhouse gas emissions linked to deforestation are the second biggest cause of climate change, so protecting forests is a significant part of our responsibility to meet the commitments under the Paris Agreement. From an economic and social perspective, forests support the livelihoods of around 25 % of the global population, and they also embody irreplaceable cultural, societal and spiritual values.

The Communication adopted [...] has a two-fold objective of protecting and improving the health of existing forests, especially primary forests, and significantly increasing sustainable, biodiverse forest coverage worldwide. The Commission has set out five priorities:

  • Reduce the EU consumption footprint on land and encourage the consumption  of products from deforestation-free supply chains in the EU;
  • Work in partnership with producing countries to reduce pressures on forests and to “deforest-proof” EU development cooperation;
  • Strengthen international cooperation to halt deforestation and forest degradation, and encourage forest restoration;
  • Redirect finance to support more sustainable land-use practices;
  • Support the availability of, quality of, and access to information on forests and commodity supply chains, and support research and innovation.

Actions to reduce EU consumption and encourage the use of products from deforestation-free supply chains will be explored through the creation of a new Multi-Stakeholder Platform on Deforestation, Forest Degradation and Forest Generation, which will bring together a broad range of relevant stakeholders. The Commission will also encourage stronger certification schemes for deforestation-free products and assess possible demand-side legislative measures and other incentives.

The Commission will work closely with partner countries to help them to reduce pressures on their forests, and will ensure that EU policies do not contribute to deforestation and forest degradation. It will help partners develop and implement comprehensive national frameworks on forests, enhancing the sustainable use of forests, and increasing the sustainability of forest-based value chains. The Commission will also work through international fora - such as the FAO, the UN, the G7 and G20, the WTO and the OECD - to strengthen cooperation on actions and policies in this field. The Commission will continue to ensure that trade agreements negotiated by the EU contribute to the responsible and sustainable management of global supply chains, and encourage trade of agricultural and forest-based products not causing deforestation or forest degradation. The Commission will also develop incentive mechanisms for smallholder farmers to maintain and enhance ecosystem services and embrace sustainable agriculture and forest management.

To improve the availability and quality of information, and access to information on forests and supply chains, the Commission proposes the creation of an EU Observatory on Deforestation and Forest Degradation, to monitor and measure changes in the world's forest cover and associated drivers. This resource will give public bodies, consumers and businesses better access to information about supply chains, encouraging them to become more sustainable. The Commission will also explore the possibility of strengthening the use of the Copernicus satellite system for forest monitoring.

The Commission will focus on redirecting public and private finance to help to create incentives for sustainable forest management and sustainable forest-based value chains, and for conservation of existing and sustainable regeneration of additional forest cover. Together with the Member States, the Commission will assess mechanisms with the potential to foster green finance for forests and further leverage and increase funding.


The EU has a strong track record of global leadership in this area. Since 2003, the EU has been implementing the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Action Plan (FLEGT) to fight illegal logging and associated trade. A 2008 Commission Communication on deforestation set out the initial elements of an EU policy framework, including an EU objective to halt global forest cover loss by 2030 and to reduce gross tropical deforestation by 50 % by 2020. Despite its efforts, the EU objectives established in 2008 are unlikely to be met. Stronger efforts are therefore indispensable.

Today's Communication comes after extensive stakeholder consultations on deforestation and forest degradation and possible EU action. This included two conferences in 2014 and 2017, a public consultation in 2019, and three studies. The Communication also comes in response to repeated requests from the Council and European Parliament, calling for more coordinated action in particular via the elimination of deforestation from agricultural commodity chains.

Forests play a major role in the biggest sustainability challenges of our time, such as biodiversity decline, climate change and population increase. International agreements and commitments acknowledge the need for ambitious action to reverse the deforestation trend.

Emissions from land use and land use change, mostly due to deforestation, are the second largest cause of climate change (after fossil fuels), accounting for nearly 12 % of all greenhouse gas emissions, more than the transport sector. The world's forests store large amounts of carbon, which is drawn down from the atmosphere and stored in biomass and soil. Halting deforestation and forest degradation is therefore crucial to fight climate change. Sustainably restoring degraded forests and creating new forests can be an effective complementary measure to the efforts to halt deforestation. If properly planned and implemented in full respect for the principles of sustainability, such reforested areas can provide multiple benefits.

For More Information



Communication on Stepping up EU Action to Protect and Restore the World's Forests

SWD on the consultation activities


Post taken from original text on

We're working towards a sustainable cocoa sector!
Stakeholders in Yaoundé met for the Green Cocoa Landscape Program (GCLP). The program will contribute to forest protection and create a sustainable livelihood for farmers and the surrounding communities. At this meeting, stakeholders exchanged feedback on the scoping study main findings covering topics like: landscape governance, cocoa agroforestry, forest conservation, sustainable intensification of cocoa production, cocoa traceability, and professionalization of cooperatives.  The GCLP is co-facilitated by IDH and WWF.

A cornerstone of building support for a landscape approach to the Dawna Tenasserim involves raising its profile within its respective countries, within the WWF network and internationally. To do this WWF Myanmar and WWF Thailand have launched a rebrand of the landscape. 

The developments of the landscapes and re-defined vision are shared within their 2018 report launched this week. 

Click below for the report

SCALE (Supply Chain And Landscape approach in EPL) programme is coordinated by WWF Cambodia, with support of H&M group, WWF Sweden and the Lab, and in partnership with WCS and GERES. This cooperation aims to secure the forests of the Eastern Plains landscape, promote sustainable forestry and eventually reintroduce tigers which are now extinct across the whole of Cambodia.

SCALE also hopes to design a landscape scale investment program in Cambodia that contributes to SDG goals by promoting sustainable sourcing of energy materials and supporting the resilience of ecosystem services.

It has been an ongoing project and landscape for the Lab since 2018.

At the end of January 2019, stakeholders from provincial and national government, international brands, commercial plantations, financial institutions, development funds and NGOs came together for a full day Planning Workshop for the SCALE Project.
It was a day to share the results of two feasibility studies that were conducted as part of a partnership between H&M and WWF to
1) assess alternatives to the wood fuel currently used by garment factories in Cambodia and
2) assess the potential for a REDD+ programme in the Eastern Plains Landscape (EPL) in Mondulkiri Province.

The Planning Workshop endeavored to develop a shared vision for the project, based on the input of stakeholders that wish to support a low carbon garment industry and sustainable land management. The program currently has a focus on the EPL but the ambition is for the project to be scaled to incorporate other areas of Cambodia. To supplement learnings and allow project partners to understand the realities of project implementation in Cambodia, site visits were organized before and after the workshop. Prior to the workshop, the project partners from H&M, GERES, WCS & WWF visited one of H&M’s supplier garment factories to witness how wood fuel is used in the supply chain 

Following the workshop, the team visited the EPL to understand the benefit sharing activities of the Keo Seima REDD+ programme such as the water tower constructed at Andong Kralong and the Jahoo Gibbon eco-tourism camp. The team also visited three community protected areas (CPAs) in Srepok and Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuaries to learn about WWF’s engagement with communities in the EPL which includes supporting non-timber forest product (NTFP) enterprises and the ongoing implementation of community management plans.
The workshop week provided a great opportunity for project partners to discuss steps to move into the second phase of the SCALE program; based on the practical knowledge learned from the site visits and the valuable feedback provided by external stakeholders at the Planning Workshop 

We'll be discussing the outcomes and further learnings from the workshop in the webinar TOMORROW March 14th.  Register to join us!

Some news from Nepal featuring one of the WWF's landscape leads Bharat Gotame! The article covers the forest coverage increase in Nepal and questions on who should be managing it, published on Nepali Times this week. Read the full text in the Nepali Times, with an excerpt below.

Forest area has nearly doubled in the past 40 years, raising new questions about who should manage it under Nepal’s new federal structure

After degraded forests were leased out to local communities to protect and manage 40 years ago, Nepal’s community forestry program has won international praise for restoring the country’s tree cover. 

Barren hillsides have been replaced by thick forests, wildlife has returned, and farmers have prospered because of ample fuelwood and fodder. The 2015 Forest Resource Assessment showed that Nepal’s canopy cover increased from 29% in the 1990s to 45%, representing more than 1 billion tons of carbon stock. 

Although depopulation of rural Nepal due to migration played a part in reducing the pressure on forests, much of the credit goes to the 22,000 or more Community Forest User Groups across the country. 

“Community forestry under the 1993 Forest Act was an exemplary participatory model and a highly democratic exercise that gave villagers a clear mandate to protect, manage and utilise their forests,” says Bharat Gotame of WWF Nepal. “This gave local communities a sense of ownership, and they put in a lot of effort to protect and expand Nepal’s forest cover.”

Continued here..


The Terai Arc landscape in Nepal, is a WWF program that has been running for almost 20 years. While not a landscape on the platform, this long running WWF landscape is such an inspiration we had to share it as a great lesson from the field.

Initiated in 2001 by the Government of Nepal in collaboration with WWF Nepal, the Terai Arc Landscape programme is WWF Nepal’s largest landscape level initiative and an exemplary model in conservation marking a shift from site-based conservation to a landscape-based one.

In the attached presentation, Bharat Gotame takes us through the lessons and challenges they faced, and their successes too. Enjoy!

In this article, Ben from the Landscape Finance Lab interviews Jernej Stritih, Chief Technical Advisor for Eco-Corridors Fund- Caucasus (ECF Caucasus) who is the landscape lead for the Western Georgia Forest Landscape.

In this fantastic case study interview he outlines establishing contractual nature conservation initiatives with local communities in Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan in a way that combines nature conservation and rural development.

He offers compelling advice to anyone beginning a landscape program: "Start with the locals. Start with the people who really work on the land, who use it and are living from it. Once you understand how they function, what drives them and the context that they live and work in, then you can build upon this foundation. When we talk about the landscape with local communities, we don’t come in with a pre-cooked vision. We ask them about their perspectives and vision for the future. Through providing small grants and funding, we were able to help the communities articulate their vision of the future of sustainable development and the conservation of species in the region. What we found was that the visions held by the community were very similar to the vision for the landscape held by WWF." 

Read the full interview here

Brazil has committed US$100 million dollars raised from domestic environmental fines to finance activities to reverse land degradation in an initiative known as the URAD model that combines social inclusion, local development and environmental sustainability. The results are amazing, with activities being completed well ahead of schedule and behaviour change in the communities evident long before reaping the expected long-term fruits.

This is an interesting approach that puts the focus on payments directly to families to take actions to fix environmental problems, with support from local governments.

Read more here:

It’s been a promising week in Paraguay as we undertake work on the Creating Forest Corridors For Water, Energy and Life in the Atlantic Forest landscape. Landscape Finance Lab consultant Chris Knight has been in country with Fabianus Fliervoet and sends a brief field report:

Internally, the WWF team have enthusiasm for the concept and the structuring process. They’ve led about a dozen meetings and around six people from the office have been committed in the working sessions so far. 

Some notable partners were ITAIPU Binacional, Round Table of Sustainable Finance (represented by Sudameris Bank), CAPPRO (The Paraguayan Chamber of Processors of Oilseeds and Cereals), FAO Paraguay and the International Finance Corporation.

We have also spent time on identifying potential investment opportunities including reforestation, sustainable soy  and smallholder economic diversification with Yerba Mate and Stevia.

Here’s some photos from the Itaipu nursery, and various trial reforestation areas and degraded pasture land.

Until next update!


A quick update from the SCALE team in Cambodia. We've published a short brochure about the program, describing how H&M group got involved in biodiversity conservation.

The SCALE program is coordinated by WWF Cambodia, with support of H&M group, WWF Sweden and the Lab, and in partnership with WCS and GERES. 

This cooperation aims to secure the forests of the Eastern Plains landscape, promote sustainable forestry and eventually reintroduce tigers which are now extinct across the whole of Cambodia.

We were thrilled to hear of Tanzania’s announcement this week that it will restore 5.2 million hectares of degraded and deforested land (6% of total land in the country). Geofrey Mwanjela the Coordinator of the WWF Eastern Africa and Madagascar Forest Programme writes a short and compelling report on the WWF's efforts in the region, including the Landscape Finance Lab and the vision for the future. Full text below and you can also read it on Medium



Africa is currently losing around 3 million hectares of forest per year, threatening livelihoods of people as well as the habitat of vulnerable wildlife such as elephants. The Congo Basin and Eastern Africa regions have some of the highest deforestation rates in the world. If business as usual continues, the two regions combined are projected to lose around 24 million hectares of forest by 2030.

Concurrently, nearly 65% of the land in Africa is affected by forest degradation — changes within forests that negatively affect its structure and functions over many decades, and thereby lower the capacity to supply products and/or ecosystem services. Forest degradation threatens agricultural productivity, which is vital to livelihoods and national economies of most countries.

Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) is an important approach to respond to the threats posed by deforestation and degradation in Africa, and to enhance livelihoods, maintain habitats and boost agricultural productivity. FLR is a long-term process that restores ecological functionality of degraded or deforested land to enhance human well-being for present and future needs. FLR is more than just planting trees — it involves multiple stakeholders, helps to clarify and protect communal land tenure rights, addresses poverty, and ensures complementarity of land-uses across landscapes, among others.

This is why Tanzania’s announcement this week that it will restore 5.2 million hectares of degraded and deforested land (6% of total land in the country) is a welcome step. The commitment is part of the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) under the Bonn Challenge — a global effort to restore 100 million hectares of degraded and deforested land in Africa, and 350 million hectares globally, by 2030. This new commitment from Tanzania adds to the 82 million hectares already committed by other African countries to date.

For Tanzania, this announcement comes at a much-needed moment. Both deforestation and degradation are on the rise — recent statistics from Tanzania’s National Carbon Monitoring Centre, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), indicate that the country is losing an estimated 469,000 hectares of forest area each year — an alarming 25% increase from 2015. According to the Tanzanian Vice President’s Office, 62% of Tanzania’s 89 million hectares of land is degraded. That is equivalent to around 55 million hectares of land that is affected across the country.

There is urgent need for a nationwide movement to create the necessary political will, support local capacity, develop partnerships, and mobilize critical finance to address the growing challenges of deforestation and degradation.

The AFR100 is the mechanism by which the Bonn Challenge is implemented in Africa. It is made up of financial and technical partners that provide support to governments to assess, design and implement FLR at scale. These types of partnerships are crucial for FLR to succeed, because restoration requires multiple strategies, experiences, capacities and stakeholders. This is why, in 2017, WWF joined AFR100 as a technical partner, given our vast experience over two decades on restorationour global presence, and the Trillion Trees partnership with BirdLife International and the Wildlife Conservation Society.

Tanzania is the first country WWF has supported to join the global race for restoration. In this process, we have worked closely with the Tanzania Forest Service (TFS) to officially join the AFR100, to leverage partnerships with other government agencies, civil society organisations and NGOs, to leverage technical support through engagement with other key stakeholders including IUCNWRI and WCS, and to begin developing the National FLR Programme in order to realize the 5.2 million hectares target.

In Tanzania, WWF has a long history in forest restoration, having implemented a long-term restoration programme (2004–2013) in the East Usambara Mountains with the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group, increasing vegetation cover by 963.25 hectares and securing land and forest tenure of 18 villages. We are currently working with Mpingo Conservation Development InitiativeMchakama village and the Kilwa district council to restore Erythrina schliebenii, a local fern, believed to have gone extinct in 2008. This partnership has so far managed to triple the size of the Mchakama community forest reserve from 1,526 to 5,639 hectares in just two years, restoring the medicinal values of the E. schliebenii to the people of Mchakama village and Kilwa district. Through the Trillion Trees programme, WWF and TFS have supported restoration efforts in Pugu (2,400 hectares) and Kazimzumbwi (5,005 hectares) Forest Reserves in Dar-es-Salaam where a total of 49,000 seedlings have been planted since 2017. The two forest reserves offers ecotourism opportunities for Dar-es-Salaam residents through bird watching, school trips, camping and hiking thus providing employment to surrounding communities.

Going forward, we will use the experience we have acquired over the last two decades on restoration and leverage our innovative approaches (e.g. New Generation Plantation platform and the Landscape Finance Lab) to continue to support the Tanzanian Government’s ambition to develop and implement FLR. Drawing on our experience in Tanzania, we will also aim to scale up our work in other countries where we are supporting FLR — KenyaZambiaMadagascarUgandaMozambique, and the Congo Basin.

As AFR100 partners meet at the end of this month in Nairobi, we at WWF are looking forward to enhancing our ongoing partnerships and forging new ones, to make the FLR commitments a reality in Africa. We are committed to this process and will continue to strive for excellence across many countries in Africa where we have a presence.

About the Author

Geofrey Mwanjela is a Coordinator of WWF’s Eastern Africa and Madagascar Forest Programme based at WWF-Tanzania Country Office in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. He is also the WWF’s focal point for the AFR100 in Africa.



Congratulations to Kanchan Thapa and the Terrai Arc landscape team on having their case study published in the International Journal of the Commons. It's an inspiring report on the linkages amongt forests, water and wildlife and how this ecosystem then benefits communities. The abstract is below and the full report is attached.

Linkages among forest, water, and wildlife: a case study from Kalapani community forest in Lamahi bottleneck area in Terai Arc Landscape.


Forest and water are important entities for sustaining life on earth. In a terrestrial ecosystem, linkages between the entities creates a mosaic benefiting the wildlife by creating the suitable habitat. In turn, communities get benefits stemming up from ecosystem services such as fodder, fuelwood, and water. We present a case study from a forest restoration project to assess the linkages between forest, water and wildlife across Lamahi bottleneck area in Terai Arc Landscape. We used combination of surveys such as forest area and canopy cover change (2001-2016) analysis followed by household questionnaire, water hole, camera trapping including process documentation. Forest area has increased by ~20 km2 in last 16 yrs. followed by number of water spouts along the identified tributaries. Water spouts are conserved in the form of conservation pond by the communities living downstream and utilized in the vegetable farming. Communities have benefited financially (~ US$ 1,252) contributing to their income level from the sale of fresh season vegetables in nearby market. Camera trap survey including the assessment of historical records showed presence of wildlife including elephant, hyena and other small carnivores in and around bottleneck forest. Both, motivation and enthusiastic support from local communities followed by the conducive government policies led to improve condition of natural resources over the period. This has also created a mosaic habitat for wildlife forming functional connectivity along the linear Terai Arc Landscape.        

The full report is also available online.

Over the past 8 weeks, the Sustainable Landscapes ACAI & the Landscape Finance Lab ran a challenge to walk WWF teams through the landscape approach and produce a case study or idea note.  21 offices and over 100 staff took part across the network and the winner of the €10,000 prize is the Dawna Tenasserim Landscape (DTL). Congratulations to the team!

Dawna Tenasserim Landscape (DTL) which  covers the vast forests that span the mountains between Thailand and Myanmar, one of the most intact natural landscapes in the entire Greater Mekong region and a stronghold for tigers, elephants, and other endangered wildlife.

Read a wrap-up of the challenge and interview with Claire Bramley (ACAI) and Deesha Chandra (LFL) with lessons for landscape approaches.



The Dawna-Tenasserim Landscape (DTL) covers the vast forests that span the mountains between Thailand and Myanmar, one of the most intact natural landscapes in the entire Greater Mekong region and a stronghold for tigers, elephants, and other endangered wildlife.

In this article, Ben from the Landscape Finance Lab interviews Regan Suzuki Pairojmahakij and Iain Jackson, key contributors to the DTL. Through their work, we learn practical advice on how to build peace and establish partnerships in the middle of regional conflicts.

"Planning for a successful program is all about building good lines of communication, which comes down to trust. Trust takes a long time to build — especially considering the political and social issues on the ground. But it is very important."

This is a great case study for all landscape leads! Read the full interview here

The Amazon Finance and Green Economy workshop in June was the first face-to-face meeting and relaunch of the Amazon Finance Community of Practice (AFCOP), a self-orgnized, informal group aimed at fostering discussion and collaboration to promote WWF’s work on sustainable finance in the Amazon region in coordination with the Finance Practice.

During this workshop they shared their own learnings, discussed inspiring initiatives around the network and interacted with partners within Banco do Brasil, Michelin and Imaflora. They agreed on a draft roadmap outline for the Community's work in the next two years. Paul Chatterton of the LFL was invited to participate and the Lab supports their work. 

The goal is to support an ecologically healthy Amazon Biome, through sustainable finance (and economy) towards delivery of WWF´s conservation goals and outcomes.

Attached is their workshop report and Analiz Vergara can be contacted with any questions. 

Great news from Nepal as the country graduates to performance-based emissions reduction program to protect about 2.4 million hectares of forests, for people and wildlife.

The new REDD+ program in Nepal is poised to protect about 2.4 million hectares of forests between 2019-2024 thanks to the approval of Nepal’s Emissions Reduction Program Document (ERPD) without conditions at the 18th meeting of the FCPF Carbon Fund in June in Paris.  The performance-based Emissions Reduction (ER) Program covers 12 contiguous districts of Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) with the potential to recover up to US$45 million in lieu of 9.16 million tons of CO2e sequestered over a six-year period ending 2024.

“The approval of the ERPD, which aims to reduce emissions through enhanced sustainable management of forests and community based forest management, is a milestone for Nepal’s REDD+ Program,” said Dr. Sindhu Prasad Dhungana, Chief of National REDD+ Center of the Ministry of Forests and Environment. “We are thankful to our partner organizations including WWF for this achievement and look forward to the collaboration of government agencies, non-governmental organizations and local communities along with indigenous people for effective implementation of the ERPD.”

Read more on WWF Nepal's site and find the full design document attached.

“We would love to see a global carbon price, and companies that innovate on this distinguishing themselves from others,” Chris Brown said (Vice president of corporate responsibility and sustainability at Olam International).

Here is an interesting article on Ben and Jerry’s blockchain solution to link its carbon footprint to forest restoration in Peru. Worth sharing for all retailers/consumer faced programs.


The global Snow Leopard Forum kicked off to a good start with Nepal making conservation history by becoming the first country to launch its climate-smart snow leopard landscape management plan; produced with strong WWF Nepal support. For more on the landscape and finance pushes at this event see their policy brief and Marco's talking points (attached).

Bishkek, 23 August 2017 - Nepal has made conservation history by becoming the first country to launch its climate-smart snow leopard landscape management plan, leading the way in safeguarding the species and its habitat. Nepal’s conservation plan launched today ahead of the International Snow Leopard Summit and Ecosystem Forum in Kyrgyzstan, addresses key current and emerging threats to snow leopards including climate change and will be used as a model for other range countries to adopt.

Prakash Mathema, Secretary at Nepal’s Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation adds:

“This is the first climate-smart landscape management plan for snow leopard conservation in the world and is evidence of the Government of Nepal’s high level of commitment to this goal. It could not have been possible without the support of local communities, conservation organisations and other committed partners.

“Nepal’s efforts alone are not enough to protect this elusive species and its transboundary habitat. I request our national and international conservation partners and donors to support us as we move ahead with the important task of implementing this plan.”

Ghana S. Gurung, Conservation Director, WWF-Nepal said:

“We are thrilled that Nepal has become the first of the twelve snow leopard range countries to produce its landscape management plan and make conservation history. The plan addresses even the toughest challenges including tackling the complex impacts of climate change. Nepal has once again established itself as a leader in conservation, showing much-needed ambition despite facing some of the toughest environmental, economic and political conditions. It sends a clear message to the rest of the world that Nepal is fully committed to safeguarding the snow leopard and its habitat, on which millions of people depend.

“Nepal has set a strong precedent and paved the way for the ambitious goal set by all twelve range countries - to secure 20 snow leopard landscapes by 2020 - to be achieved. ”

The International Snow Leopard Summit and Ecosystem Forum, officially opens tomorrow in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. At the meeting, world leaders will hold critical talks to strengthen previous commitments to safeguard the future of the snow leopard and its habitat - the headwaters for rivers on which hundreds of millions directly depend as a source of freshwater.

It has been four years since the range countries first met in 2013, when they committed to an ambitious goal of securing 20 snow leopard landscapes by 2020. This has brought the plight of this iconic species into the spotlight and created hope that commitment from the range country governments could set an example of conservation success worldwide. However, as we pass the half-way point, there remain as few as 4,000 snow leopards and its habitat, which is home to the headwaters of 20 major rivers in Asia and known as the ‘world’s water towers’, continues to shrink.

Nepal has shown exemplary effort by launching its plan which tackles the complex challenges facing these habitats including the pervasive effects of climate change. This comes ahead of the Bishkek Declaration which will be signed by all twelve range states at the close of the summit and must pave the way for more substantial action in securing 20 snow leopard landscapes by 2020.

"People are still missing in Sri Lanka after devastating floods and landslides last month killed hundreds and displaced thousands on the island nation. But in communities all along the coastline of this island nation in the Indian Ocean, there are efforts to protect ecosystems that could in turn protect the country from rains and storms capable of wiping away entire towns. Sri Lanka is working on mangrove forest protection measures that have been praised as the first of their kind in the world. And while recent heavy rains may have destroyed seedlings, they have only strengthened the determination of the government and its partners to continue their work on mangrove conservation and restoration."

Mangrove forests have a host of benefits for the 120 million people living near them. Conservationists from Sri Lanka and elsewhere reveal key insights on how to protect these vital ecosystems. More from Devex:

Assessing Climate Risk in Myanmar

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Apr 5, 2017

WWF-Myanmar launches report on climate risk in Myanmar predicting climate conditions around Myanmar will change dramatically by the 2050s, seeing shifts in temperature, precipitation, sea level rise, and intensity of extreme events related to cyclones and the monsoon. These changes will have far-reaching implications for how Myanmar’s natural environment is managed and how people will need to adapt.

The summary report ‘Assessing Climate Risk in Myanmar’, has been developed by WWF, Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (implemented by UN-Habitat and UN Environment) with critical data from the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology and support from Environmental Conservation Department. The summary version is available in English and Myanmar. The full technical report can be made available upon request.

The report’s key findings are that by the middle of the 21st century:

  • temperatures in every region are expected to rise by 1.3°–2.7°C with more extreme heat days (39+) occurring more frequently.  For the past 30 years, Myanmar had about one day of extreme heat per month. Within the next decades Myanmar could experience extreme heat days once a week or even every other day.
  • rainfall will change with more rainfall during the monsoon season, while both increases and decreases are possible throughout the rest of the year, as rains become less reliable and more intense, leading to increasingly intense storms and dry periods.
  • Sea level will rise up to 40 cm for the entire coast. This rise could mean 10 km of low lying areas like the Ayeyarwady delta are lost under water. 

The findings in the report are already being used by townships in the delta and central dry zone areas of Myanmar; for instance, Labutta and Pakkoku are using the information to draw up plans, identify activities and implement them to avoid the major negative impacts of these changes.

The report will be part of work supporting the larger Myanmar Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (2016-2030) and Policy, formulated by the MCCA with the Government of Myanmar and representatives of civil society, the private sector and major cities. 

If you have any questions, feel free to email Ryan Bartlett, Lead, Climate Risk Management, WWF-US, or Hanna Helsingen, Green Economy Programme Manager, WWF-Myanmar,

Interesting article about Peru's planning around green infrastructure

“This document is not only about state-subsidized master planning at the landscape scale,” said Tundi Agardy, the Director of the Coastal and Marine Initiative at Forest Trends. “This is also about finding ways that natural or green infrastructure can safeguard investments in grey infrastructure like dams, canals, water delivery pipes, irrigation systems and even roads.”


Location:  3 sites across South Africa.  Covers the agriculture and forestry landscapes in the upper uMngeni, uMvoti, and uMhlatuse River catchments, in which plantation forestry, dairy, and sugar cane are dominant landuses. 

Description:  The WWF-Mondi Wetlands Programme (WWF-MWP) works to reduce the water risk of these sectors, which are situated in highly water stressed catchments, by supporting landusers and value chain partners to improve their land and water stewardship practices. This includes a core focus on the 250 000 hectares of land in South Africa owned or leased by plantation company, Mondi, as well as with other plantation forestry companies such as SAPPI. Mondi’s landholdings include 20 000 hectares of wetlands. Both company’s forest operations are 100% FSC certified, and high conservation value areas have been identified and are wisely managed.

This is a long-term programme that demonstrates the core business value of environmental stewardship at landscape scale.  The Partnership recognises that limited water supply is a major business risk that no single player can control.  A cooperative approach at landscape scale is being undertaken in KwaZulu‑Natal Province with a focus on the water‑stressed uMngeni, uMvoti and uMhlatuse river catchments. The uMngeni river catchment alone accounts for roughly 20% of South Africa’s economic output, and brings drinking water to about five million people in and around the cities of Durban and Pietermaritzburg.

In addition to certification and sustainable procurement practices, the MWP focuses on the proactive and responsible stewardship of plantation forests and freshwater ecosystems, and the maintenance of biodiversity and important habitats. In a water stressed country like South Africa, where water demand is projected to exceed supply by 2025, alien plantation forestry trees that are also highly invasive,  pose a significant national water risk if not managed wisely .

The Partnership applies the landscape approach to water and land stewardship supporting water users in the three catchments to work together across physical, sectoral, and mental boundaries to build the resilience of social-ecological systems at a landscape scale.  The landscape approach acknowledges that value‑chain role players, including retailers, finance institutions, insurance companies and agriculture commodity processors, also have a responsibility to support good water stewardship practices by farmers. Understanding the risks and co‑creating a response to achieve resilience involves working closely with the plantation forestry, dairy and sugar farming sectors, as well as with local governance authorities.

Contact: Dr David Lindley, WWF-South Africa

Seychelles - Marine Protection and Adaptation

Posted by Paul Chatterton (No Access, has been declined) Oct 14, 2016

Debt Swap for Marine Protection and Climate Adaptation in Seychelles

During the Paris UNFCCC COP21, the Government of Seychelles completed a first of its kind debt-for-adaptation swap to enhance marine conservation and climate adaptation activities. The debt-swap creates a sustainable source of funding to support Seychelles in the creation and management of 40 million hectares of new marine protected areas (the second largest in the Indian Ocean) to improve resiliency of coastal ecosystems.

The landmark agreement reached between Seychelles and its Paris Club creditors, led by France, and the Government of South Africa that resulted in a US$25.9million debt swap.  The Nature Conservancy designed the debt-swap to enable Seychelles to redirect a portion of their current debt payments to fund nature-based solutions to climate change through the newly established Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT). Over a 20 year period, the proceeds of this debt will be used to:

  • Finance marine and coastal management to increase resilience to the impacts of climate change
  • Capitalize an endowment to finance work to support adaptation in the future
  • Repay Impact Investors 

Achieved through the platform of the Global Island Partnership with The Nature Conservancy this innovative solution helps Seychelles take a big step toward a sustainable and resilient future.


Area:  40 million hectares (half size of Germany)

Finance: $31 M from TNC, GoFrance, GoSouth Africa, private foundations and donors

Methodology: Debt for nature swap; Endowment fund.


TNC press release

DRC - Mai Ndombe Emissions Reductions Program

Posted by Paul Chatterton (No Access, has been declined) Oct 13, 2016

The Mai Ndombe Emissions Reductions Program is the largest forest landscape conservation project ever in Africa and the first example of jurisdictional REDD+. The programme will target the drivers of deforestation across the 12 million hectares of Mai-Ndombe province, north of Kinshasa.  

“The Democratic Republic of Congo’s Emission Reductions Program in Mai Ndombe is a jurisdictional initiative that serves as a model for green growth in the Congo basin and significant climate action on the African continent. The program represents a unique opportunity to secure long-term public and private commitment to reducing deforestation, as well as finance for verified emission reductions, improved livelihoods and building sustainable development at scale.”  -Ellysar Baroudy, World Bank FPCF

Area:  12.3 million hectares (Province of Mai Ndombe in eastern DRC)

Finance: $155 M from World Bank FCPF


Video:  REDD+ for People and Nature (3 mins)

Project:   Proposal (277 pages)  -  Summary (4 pages)Presentation

Learning Report: Designing Green Development in the Congo

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