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Landscape Finance Lab

We welcome you to use this space to share resources, tools, inspiring cases and opportunities with fellow members.

As essential reading we'd recommend starting with the 1) Little Book of Sustainable Landscapes, 2) Landscape Elements resource and Ecoagriculture Partners' 3) Business for Sustainable Landscapes report

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Jurisdictional Hub

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) 8 months ago

Tropical Forest Alliance and partners launch a new hub of resources aimed at the private sector to support engagement in landscapes. 

https://jaresourcehub.org/interventions/ 

The platform showcases 20 interventions for companies to engage in landscapes and jurisdictional initiatives (L/JIs) to fit varied context and geographies. 

Each intervention highlights real world examples of company engagement, key points for implementation, the external conditions that increase the likelihood of success, as well as the business case for a company to use it. 

The guidebook takes a new approach to environmental governance by focusing on identifying the social capital of actors within the landscapes. It centers on two main approaches:

1) mapping actors’ resource flows and

2) mapping actors’ priorities and values.

Co-written by WRI international offices, this methodology has been tested in Brazil, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, and Rwanda. The guidebook focuses primarily on restoration, but the same methodologies can be adapted to broader analysis of natural resource governance. By using this guidebook, environmental practitioners can be more efficient with resources, collaboration, and outreach, and better anticipate potential conflicts and bottlenecks.

DOWNLOAD HERE 

The Rainforest Alliance, Verra, and the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance are excited to announce that the LandScale assessment framework is now open for public consultation.

LandScale is a new initiative that provides a standardized approach for assessing and communicating the sustainability performance of landscapes where key commodities are produced. We invite you to join the public consultation to provide your input and help ensure that this initiative brings the greatest possible benefit for landscape sustainability.

Visit www.landscale.org to find out more.

LandScale responds to the urgent need to think bigger and collaborate across sectors, landscapes, and jurisdictions to solve complex environmental and social challenges. By distilling the complexity of landscapes into reliable information on sustainability performance and trends, LandScale helps drive decisions and incentives that will contribute to improving landscape sustainability over time.

Commodity buyers, investors, governments, and those involved in landscape initiatives can use LandScale to help identify landscape risks, inform management interventions, monitor progress, and credibly demonstrate results. 

The LandScale assessment framework is open for public consultation until October 15. To participate in the consultation or learn more about LandScale, please visit www.landscale.org.

The LandScale team are hosting webinars on Thursday 22nd August and Tuesday 17th September – you can sign up here

 

Image credit: Photo by Tom Fisk from Pexels

Using the Natural Capital Protocol for Coral reefs

The Natural Capital Protocol, launched in 2016, can significantly help. In a national application of this, as part of the International Finance Corporation’s Natural Capital Program, the protocol was used to evaluate three alternative management scenarios for Bacuit Bay in Palawan, the Philippines.

The study was carried out by Indufor, with technical support from Sustain Value, on behalf of an island resort company, boat tour operators, dive boat operators and the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development. All these tourism-related companies depend on the health and quality of coral reefs, water and fish in the bay.

The natural capital assessment revealed that, by jointly managing these shared natural assets in an interconnected landscape and seascape, the island resorts, boat and diving operators, local fishermen and local and national governments could all be significantly better off financially in the medium and long term. The financial rewards for all stakeholder groups clearly justified further collaboration and developing a public–private partnership that goes beyond the existing planned management proposed.

Financial benefits

Another recent study, funded by the Prince of Wales’ International Sustainability Unit, the UN Environment Programme and the International Coral Reef Initiative, also demonstrates how a natural capital approach can provide a compelling financial case for enhanced investment in coral reef management.

The Coral Reef Economy report, reveals the estimated financial value accruing to tourism, coastal developments and commercial fisheries from coral reef dependencies in the Coral Triangle in South East Asia and the Mesoamerican Reef in the Caribbean. It highlights that reversing the continuing decline of coral reefs and ensuring a healthy state could unlock tens of billions of dollars in additional value.

The report findings showed that this can be largely achieved through strategic interventions, such as no-take marine protected areas, afforestation, construction of wetland wastewater treatment and improved soil management in farming. Not only do these directly benefit nearby corals by reducing fishing pressure, pollution and sedimentation, they help sequester carbon, thereby reducing climate change impacts.

While the prognosis for coral reefs looks bleak, a natural capital approach can play a critical role in demonstrating business and government dependencies on corals, and hence justify the significant actions needed to reverse their decline.

Natural capital approaches can and must play a pivotal role in tackling climate change. The concept can shine a light on considerable opportunities for natural capital-based climate mitigation that also generate other valuable benefits such as coral reef protection.

  • James Spurgeon operates Sustain Value, a network-based natural and social capital consultancy that supports businesses to value, manage and report on related sustainability issues.

This is an excerpt from an article first published in RICS Land Journal (March/April 2019).

The Eco Ltd Group have launched its eleventh GCF insight that looks at how simplified the GCF simplified approval process (SAP) actually is. In addition to knowledge building and challenges & recommendations, the report draws conclusions from an online survey carried out in February 2019.

Background

In October 2017 the GCF adopted a new approach to project approval: the Simplified Approval Process Pilot Scheme (SAP). The adoption of the SAP shows recognition for the need to facilitate fast preparation, review, approval and disbursement of environmentally benign (category C), smaller projects (under $10 million in GCF contribution), especially from direct access entities.

The GCF Secretariat aims to have 50% of GCF resources under the SAP, targeted at direct access entities. As of today, the GCF board has approved four SAP proposals, of which two are from direct access entities. Two more are expected to be approved in the up-coming board meeting, maintaining this 50% ratio. The SAP concept note pipeline has 60% of submissions from Direct Access Entities.

The Report

Read about these findings and download your report here

Get in touch with amy@ecoltdgroup.com to find out more. 

You can also attend an event hosted by Eco Group Ltd on this report on 14 March at 3pm GMT

The CEO and President of CERES, MindyS. Lubber recently wrote in a blog: 

"While it’s true that environmental, social and governance (ESG) concerns are finally being woven into the strategies of many leading companies across the globe, the ways they engage investors on these concerns too often miss the mark.

Academic and investment research continues to demonstrate that serious, strategic attention to ESG issues delivers higher stock returns, incurs lower capital costs and lowers volatility risks. But too many companies fail to present sustainability as a core component of business strategy, decision making and revenue growth . Many continue to portray sustainability issues as extra-financial (i.e., merely “the right thing to do” or “good public relations”) when evidence is growing that they are in fact material to strong financial performance.

These failures to communicate have real costs. When companies don’t engage effectively with investors on their sustainability efforts they miss opportunities to differentiate themselves from peers. Rather than gaining a competitive advantage, they leave the financial value of sustainability out of critical conversations.

A new Ceres report, Change the Conversation, will help companies understand what investors want to know and capitalize on the opportunities to credibly present sustainability as a driver of business value . The report provides specific, investor-informed recommendations on how companies can better communicate the breadth, scope and financial value of sustainable business strategies. It also calls for deeper involvement of C-suite executives and board members as messengers of sustainable business priorities.

The report’s findings are based on decades of Ceres’ work with investors and companies, and in-depth interviews with Ceres Investor Network members. These interviews include some of the world’s largest asset owners and asset managers, as well as ESG-oriented asset managers, governance experts and proxy advisors." 

Click here for the report (also attached) or read her blog here

IDH are working on a new initiative called Verified Sourcing Areas (VSAs). This is a new area-based mechanism to accelerate production and uptake of sustainable commodities globally. It will work to help companies source large volumes of commodities in line with their sustainability commitments at a competitive scale and price.

Through VSAs, entire production areas can be connected to global markets. In these areas, local actors drive sustainable development and receive direct support and incentives by global markets for doing so. 

IDH is currently piloting VSAs in jurisdictions in Brazil and Indonesia. Watch the animation and explore the concept further below.

 Find out more about the mechanism here 

Next week on November 28th we will be hosting the joint FAO-LFL webinar on Forest Landscape Restoration. Alongside the webinar, we are hosting an online discussion forum to collect questions, share case studies and keep the conversation flowing after the call.

Come and join us here: Discussion Forum 

Sign up for the webinar here 

More details:

WWF Landscape Finance Lab (LFL) is proud to partner with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to present a webinar and a learning forum on how finance can be directed to benefit the local stakeholders engaged in Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR). We will discuss investment mechanisms and strategies and share lessons learned from accessing local, blended funding sources to scale up FLR.

The FT Water Summit h is a unique event on the global financial and water calendars. Targeted at CEOs and CFOs of companies that depend on water as an input in their products, processes, and/or supply chains as well as banks and investors and global financial institutions, the summit looks at water from a corporate perspective. 

In association with WWF, one of the driving forces behind corporate water stewardship, the summit focused on business and investment opportunities – including bankable water projects and other innovative financial solutions (blue bonds and water stewardship funds etc) as well as how companies can collaborate to solve shared water challenges and generate better returns on investments in river basins where they operate.

There was a great turn out of over 200 participants, most of them from financial institutions and corporations.

WWF launched the WWF + ING + BCG report "Seizing the water opportunity":  Which can be accessed here, and is also downloaded and attached. There is a $1 trillion investment gap per year to reach a water secure world, while billions of investments are still invested in infrastructure leading to degradation of freshwater ecosystems.

Tony Juniper, Executive Director for Advocacy and Campaigns WWF stressed that the financial sector is key if we are to solve the global water crisis:

"The assumption was that we could degrade the environment to grow the economy & fix the problem later. We are now seeing economic impacts of not considering nature in our economic decision making & need change urgently"

The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) will help disclose and quantify exposure to water related risk of banks/investors and their clients/investees. The launch of the Water Risk Filter 5.0 this month was very relevant for the TCFD.

The WWF's Bankable Water Solutions initiative will help redirecting financial flows to projects that build resilient river basins.

Aaron Vermeulen,Global Lead Finance & Freshwater, reports that: "All in all the WWF helped raising awareness on water risk and opportunities in the financial sector and will continue to do so. Not only in the city, but also in the global south. Stay tuned!"

 

A global assessment of jurisdictional sustainability is being conducted through a partnership between Earth Innovation Institute, CIFOR and the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force. White it will be released in September 2018, ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit and the Governors’ Climate & Forests Task Force Meeting in San Francisco, California, the Earth Innovation Institute has released a preview that is useful reading for anyone working on a forest landscape. 

It gives a high level overview of jurisdictional programs which 'hold tremendous potential for advancing holistic, durable solutions to the intertwined issues of tropical deforestation, rural livelihoods, and food security. '

Read the full report on the Earth Innovation Institute site or find the download attached here.

The World Resources Institute, a global research organization has just published The Ending Tropical Deforestation Series: a collection of working papers prepared for the Oslo Tropical Forest Forum in June 2018. The series dives in to specific topics related to tropical deforestation and provides an assessment of progress achieved and challenges ahead. For those working on landscapes with tropical forests, this is a rich resource of nine reports

The first report on the REDD+ approach shares several important lessons. These include the importance of broad, multi-stakeholder processes; the need for a complementary set of cross-sectoral policies and programs grounded in a realistic assessment of implementation capacity within the government and among key partners; and the critical role of political commitment and leadership.

Read the full reports on the World Resources Institute site.

The Coalition for Private Investment in Conservation is a consortium of major conservation organisations and financial industry players. In June they had their semi-annual meeting and discussed the Conservation Investment Blueprints report. This is a major piece of work in defining systematic approaches to investing in the conservation sector. Below are their meeting notes and report with several useful tools attached.

CPIC Semi-Annual Meeting & Events Report Out

The Coalition for Private Investment in Conservation would like to thank the European Investment Bank for graciously hosting this summer’s CPIC semi-annual meeting and related events on June 5 and 6 in Brussels. The Steering Committee would also like to thank CPIC members who were in attendance, making for insightful and productive meetings during the two days. From the discussions, it is evident that CPIC has been making strong progress and that there are more exciting developments coming in the near future. 

For a recap, please see the notes from the workshop on non-financial metrics, and from two panel discussions on the implications of recent European Commission policies for conservation finance, organized by CPIC and EIB on June 5. Attached are also minutes from the CPIC members’ meeting held on June 6, with a brief recap below.

Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have any questions, feedback or recommendations, by emailing info@cpicfinance.com

Metrics Workshop Recap

CPIC organized a metrics workshop for its members in the morning of June 5, focused on non-financial valuation in conservation finance. The workshop was chaired by John Tobin of Cornell University, who gave an overview of the current impact measurement and management practices, noting IRIS, GRI, GIIRS and SDGs frameworks and a recent GIIN report regarding the State of Impact Measurement and Management. Seth Olson presented an impact-based framework for metric selection in conservation finance, developed with a team of Cornell Environmental Finance and Impact Investing Fellows, to help investors and project developers find a match for achieving their intended impacts, and to help measure and manage it.

Frank Hawkins gave a road test demonstration of the Biodiversity Return on Investment Metric (BRIM) being developed by IUCN to measure the contribution that an investment can make to reducing species extinction risk. Helen Crowley described the approach that Kering takes to measure business impacts and risk on biodiversity and ecosystems, utilizing its Environmental Profit & Loss (EP&L) tool developed in 2014, and planning to launch a beta version of its Biodiversity Impact Metric this July. CPIC members discussed whether CPIC can be useful to help move towards a common approach to metrics, valuation and reporting, in order to avoid chaos, while also keeping ‘functional diversity’ to avoid a ‘one size fits all’ approach.

 Panel Discussion Recap

Two panel discussions were organized by CPIC and EIB in the afternoon of June 5, with key senior leaders sharing insights regarding recent finance policy developments in the EU that have global implications for sustainable development and conservation.

Daniel Calleja-Crespo, the Director-General for Environment in the European Commission, headlined the panel discussion regarding the Non-Financial Reporting Directive, which starting this year requires disclosure in company annual statements as part of fiduciary duty and modern day risk management. The panel was moderated by Eva Mayerhofer, Lead Biodiversity Specialist at EIB, and fellow panel speakers considered the implications and opportunities for natural capital and biodiversity, with diverse perspectives represented by Martin Lok, the Program Manager of Natural Capital at the Netherlands Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, and by Milena Bertram, the Director of External Relations at Finance in Motion. The emphasis was placed on utilizing the new regulations as tools for businesses to be successful in the long-term and highlighting the business opportunity that sustainable development represents.

Martin Spolc, Head of Capital Markets at Directorate-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union (DG FISMA), headlined the panel discussion regarding expanding the taxonomy of green finance to nature and ecosystems services, based on the recently released final report on “Financing a Sustainable European Economy” from the High-Level Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (HLEG) of the European Commission. Fellow panel speakers included Helen Crowley, Head of Sustainable Sourcing Innovation at Kering, and Eva Mayerhofer, Lead Biodiversity Specialist at EIB with intervention from Chris Knowles, Associate Director of Operations Directorate at EIB, and moderated by Frank Hawkins, CEO of IUCN-US. The discussion focused on how the recommendations to the financial system can spur on the transition toward a more sustainable economic model. The first key recommendation of the HLEG is to develop a classification system for sustainable assets by 2020, with the climate mitigation part to be ready by 2018, in order to provide market clarity on what is 'sustainable.'

Jonathan Taylor, Vice-President of the EIB, welcomed over 70 attendees to the two panels, and noted in the opening remarks the growing awareness of the business implications of the risk management and fiduciary duty aspects of environmental sustainability. Jonathan suggested that the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) could be broadened to include more information on natural capital and enhance the transparency of reporting. The panel discussions were closed with remarks by Fabian Huwyler, Head of Green Solutions at Credit Suisse, who noted that smart regulations can help move the significant capital capacity present in the private sector to help address the urgent need for funding to protect natural capital and ecosystems, and to build green sectors. Fabian noted that a well-designed taxonomy can provide clarity for investors to understand what products they can invest in, and that a reduction of complexity in the product distribution criteria could benefit the promotion of green assets.

As the Non-Financial Reporting Directive continues to develop, CPIC members are welcome to participate in the dialogue and to contribute their collective expertise in conservation investing, natural capital valuation, and transaction structuring. 

CPIC Semi-Annual Members Meeting Recap 

The CPIC semi-annual members meeting held on June 6 had a content-rich discussion captured in the meeting minutes. The meeting was attended by over 50 members and welcomed 7 new member organizations since the last meeting, including Blue Forest Conservation, Boma Investments LLC, Delta Institute, Geopolicity, New Forests, Quantified Ventures, and the United Nations Development Program.

Chris Buss and Frank Hawkins of IUCN gave an overview of the Blended Finance Facility being developed with the support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) non-grant funding and The Rockefeller Foundation (TRF) grant funding, for a total of 10M USD. CPIC members are encouraged to be in touch with the CPIC Steering Committee to help review and provide input to the final proposal to be submitted to the GEF CEO in July (original PIF can be accessed here). In addition to this source of potential funding focused on transactions in the economically developing countries, there is a need to identify sources of funding for working groups to develop the pipeline of blueprints and to hire a third-party professional Secretariat to support CPIC. Members are also encouraged to invite additional financial organizations and project developers to join CPIC and to help grow the coalition effort.

The second part of the meeting was focused on working groups’ report-outs regarding the first set of blueprints that were developed and presented at the financial structuring workshop organized in conjunction with the last semi-annual meeting. George Taylor of the U.S. State Department – who, over six months, is conducting a pro-bono economic practicum for CPIC to develop blueprints -- described the transaction structures of the current draft blueprints. The working group co-leads further described their progress to develop a pipeline of transactions and the process to identify high-priority models to draft blueprints with George. The latest blueprint template is attached and the full blueprint guide can be downloaded on the CPIC website. Members are encouraged to reach out to working group co-leads to share input and recommendations, and to join or to invite guest speakers for the group calls. The following is the current list of working group co-leads: 

1.     Forest Landscape Conservation & Restoration: Jane Feehan, European Investment Bank (EIB)

2.     Green Infrastructure for Coastal Resilience: Shannon Cunniff, Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

3.     Green Infrastructure for Watershed Management: Aaron Vermeulen, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

4.     Landscape Approaches: Frank Hawkins, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

5.     Sustainable Agricultural Intensification: Helene Roy, Rainforest Alliance (RA), and Mohamed Bakarr, Global Environment Facility (GEF)

6.     Sustainable Coastal Fisheries: Romas Garbaliauskas, Conservation International (CI), and Fabian Huwyler, Credit Suisse (CS)

Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have any questions, feedback or recommendations, by emailing info@cpicfinance.com

To follow on from Wendy Elliot's last post about Key Biodiversity Areas  the IUCN has published a new report on managing risk in biodiversity.

These Guidelines on business and KBAs have been developed by the KBA Partners to support businesses in managing risk to biodiversity. They will be of use to business and certification scheme operators, financial institutions, civil society organisations, and public authorities. They are applicable to the businesses’ entire area of influence, as well as throughout the life cycle of the operation, from pre-feasibility to closure (and, where relevant, site rehabilitation). The Guidelines can also be integrated into responsible sourcing policies for goods and services, the production of which could have direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts on KBAs.

Download the report here: https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/47660

The private sector has been mobilizing to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. But corporations are also in constant pursuit of returning shareholder value, and as such, need to look for ways that SDG-aligned strategies can give a true measure of shareholder value.

To help companies align strategies with the SDGs, Trucost has launched an SDG Evaluation Tool. The tool provides a quantitative analysis of corporate performance on the SDGs across the value chain, from raw material inputs to product use and disposal, within the context of a company’s geographic operations.

We share a resource being collated by Lab member Joanna Durbin, Director of Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance. 

This includes a discussion and analysis for making information on jurisdictional approaches more accessible to companies and investors to  facilitate their engagement. The tables are included as annexes. The aim of the document is not just to be a record of discussion but a document that can be shared with companies and financial institutions to seek their feedback on what information is needed.

The team coordinating this is seeking feedback and input before 20 April 2018. Including: 

  *   Feedback on the summary document
  *   How best to check/ground truth the key JA information with companies and investors
  *   How best to make the JA information more accessible and findable

Click here to access the document

Contact Joanna Durbin, CCBA jdurbin@climate-standards.org with any further questions or suggestions.

Gold Standard and the WWF Switzerland  have published a report, Business and the Sustainable Development Goals: Best practices to seize opportunity and maximise credibility to help the private sector define and deliver against ambitious strategies to help the world meet the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 

As Gold Standard has always featured sustainable development as a core requirement, we now see the opportunity to use strong climate action as a way to accelerate progress to the SDGs, which the UN’s 2017 Sustainable Development Goals Report describes as “far slower than needed to meet the targets by 2030.” 

The Gold Standard – WWF report highlights the advantages for business in setting ambitious SDG strategies, details the common challenges and pitfalls that companies face today, and offers a clear, actionable set of best practices for business leaders to inform their strategies moving forward.  

 

The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) is an appraisal system developed by FAO providing estimates of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects, programmes and policies on the carbon-balance. The carbon-balance is defined as the net balance from all greenhouse gases (GHGs) expressed in CO2equivalent that were emitted or sequestered due to project implementation as compared to a business-as-usual scenario.

EX-ACT is a land-based accounting system, estimating C stock changes (i.e. emissions or sinks of CO2) as well as GHG emissions per unit of land, expressed in equivalent tonnes of CO2 per hectare and year. The tool helps project designers to estimate and prioritize project activities with high benefits in economic and climate change mitigation terms. The amount of GHG mitigation may also be used as part of economic analyses as well as for the application for additional project funds.

EX-ACT can be applied on a wide range of development projects from all AFOLU sub-sectors, including besides others projects on climate change mitigation, sustainable land management, watershed development, production intensification, food security, livestock, forest management or land use change. Further, it is cost effective, requires a compared small amount of data, and has resources (tables, maps) which can help finding the required information. While EX-ACT is mostly used at project level it may easily be up-scaled to the programme/sector level and can also be used for policy analysis.

Please download the tool here attached, and check here for e-learning training courses.  

The MSP Guide

Last year, the Centre of Development Innovation (CDI), of Wageningen University & Research has launched "The MSP Guide: How to Design and Facilitate Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships".

The guide links the underlying rationale for multi-stakeholder partnerships, with a clear four phase process model, a set of seven core principles, key ideas for facilitation and 60 participatory tools for analysis, planning and decision making. 

The guide has been written for those directly involved in MSPs - as a stakeholder, leader, facilitator or funder - to provide both the conceptual foundations and practical tools that underpin successful partnerships. 

http://www.mspguide.org/msp-guide

Ecoregions and landscapes

Posted by Paul Chatterton (Admin) Aug 11, 2017

Over a decades ago, WWF led the discussion on ecoregion planning and produced a set of very useful materials for thinking about conservation at large scale.  This particularly focused on"conservation landscape planning in priority areas".  I attach two important reports from this work:

- From the Vision to the Ground (2004) - proposes ways to implement conservation in ecoregion priority areas.

- Delivering Large Scale Conseravtion Results (2007) - explores how to develop large programs that deliver on ecoregion conservation visions.

While these do not quite match up to the Landscape Elements we are using today, they contain a lot of interesting tools, case studies and lessons for integrated landscape management.  They are particulatly important resources in thinking about how to ensure that biodiversity and ecosystem services are effectively protected with landscape planning.

Even at this time, there was a clear recognition that landscapes were the means for implementing ecoregional conservation.  From the Vision to the Ground says: “The major difference between conservation landscape planning in priority areas versus ecoregions is that planners usually have more precise data and knowledge of this smaller area and can therefore refine their analysis of biological and socioeconomic features enough to design land use and zoning recommendations. For example, planning in priority areas incorporates more detailed knowledge of habitat and species distributions, and incorporates issues such as land tenure, livelihoods, threats, opportunities, and monitoring to arrive at a plan(s) for implementation.“

Gold Standard for the Global Goals

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Jul 13, 2017

Gold Standard has launched Gold Standard for the Global Goals, a new standard to quantify, certify and maximise the contributions of climate and development interventions toward the Paris Climate Agreement and the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The standard is set to help those who fund life-changing climate and development projects around the world – including businesses, governments and investors – to measure, report and track the full range of benefits they have contributed to. Supported by WWF and other international NGOs, it is also anticipated that the best practice standard will protect against accusations of ‘green-washing’ as well as open up new avenues of funding for large-scale programmes, like green infrastructure and sustainable supply chain interventions around the world. 

How will the Standards be used?

Gold Standard has always stood for ensuring the highest integrity and greatest impact in climate and development initiatives. Our standard will continue to deliver best-in-class projects, both within and beyond our historic role of ensuring quality in carbon markets, as global climate and development practices evolve to deliver on the Paris Agreement and the SDGs. Applications of Gold Standard for the Global Goals include:

  • Environmental markets – The standard maximises the positive impacts – and associated value – of assets in carbon markets and renewable energy markets to ensure environmental integrity and contributions to sustainable development. Projects certified under Gold Standard for the Global Goals can issue tradable products, including carbon credits – verified emission reductions (VERs) for voluntary carbon markets, labels for certified emission reductions (CERs) for compliance markets – labels for renewable energy products (e.g., International Renewable Energy Certificates, or I-RECs), and Water Benefit Certificates
  • Corporate reporting – Using Gold Standard for the Global Goals for sustainable supply chain programmes enables credible, third-party verified claims for Scope 3 greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting, while also capturing the additional SDG impacts of these initiatives for reporting on shared value creation or progress to net-positive goals.
  • Large-scale climate and development programmes – To support urgently-needed scaling up of climate and development action, the standard provides practical applications for sustainable urban development and infrastructure as well as landscape approaches and jurisdictional corporate sourcing programmes (both in development).
  • Results-based finance for development – Certified impacts toward the Sustainable Development Goals allow for innovative pay-for-performance financing structures for development agencies, foundations, and other donors.

Click here for more

WWF Standards Resource

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Jun 23, 2017

The WWF Standards are a set of best practices to help practitioners deliver conservation results.
Developed in conjunction with major international environmental NGOs and endorsed by the WWF Network, the Standards lend consistency to planning, implementing and monitoring effective conservation projects and programmes worldwide.
 
Specifically the resource for Large Conservation Programme Management Field Guide will be of interest to teams. 
 
Many of these are under review to be updated, however will be of use in the meantime: 
 
 
See http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/programme_standards/ for the full site 

Email Phyllis Rachler (prachler@wwfdcp.org) or wbeale@wwf.org.uk with any questions or to share outstanding examples.

The draft Finance Sector Supplement of the Natural Capital Protocol was recently launched for consultation. You can find attached:

  • Slides from the recent introductory webinar, and access the recording online here
  • Details on how to pilot the supplement
  • The draft Supplement for public consultation

The Natural Capital Coalition and Natural Capital Finance Alliance have collaborated to produce the Supplement, along with VBDO, the Dutch Association for Investors in Sustainable Development. It is intended for use in banking, investment and insurance. Ray at WWF-UK is on the Steering Group of the Natural Capital Finance Alliance, Howard Li at WWF-US attended the in-person launch in New York and Emily McKenzie is on the Advisory Group of the Natural Capital Coalition.

The Coalition will run monthly webinars on each of the Supplement Stages, to offer support for piloting organizations. If you or partner financial institutions are interested to attend, you can register here.

  • 8 June - Frame and Scope Stages
  • 13 July - Measure and Value Stage
  • 10 August - Apply Stage
  • 12 October - Redraft update

Please let Ray or I know if you:

  • are considering working with a financial institution to pilot the Supplement
  • would like to contribute to WWF feedback on the draft (comments due before 26 August)

You can access the protocol it is supplementing here 

Natural Capital Software

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) May 9, 2017

The Natural Capital Project has co-developed free, open-source tools with end users to make the science accessible and useful in real decisions.  

You can download their tools and check out their documentation here.  Find more information about testing, validation, and application of these tools in their library. A few examples include: 

InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs) is a suite of models used to map and value the goods and services from nature that sustain and fulfill human life.  It helps explore how changes in ecosystems can lead to changes in the flows of many different benefits to people.

 RIOS supports the design of cost-effective investments in watershed services. The Resource Investment Optimization System (RIOS) provides a standardized, science-based approach to watershed management in contexts throughout the world. It combines biophysical, social, and economic data to help users identify the best locations for protection and restoration activities to maximize the ecological return on investment, within the bounds of what is socially and politically feasible.

OPAL is a tool for quantifying the impacts of development and the value of potential protection or restoration activities to biodiversity and ecosystem services.  OPAL helps identify mitigation options that can restore ecosystem service benefits back to the same people affected by a development project and tracks the amount of mitigation needed to meet biodiversity and ecosystem service mitigation targets. 

Find out more here http://www.naturalcapitalproject.org/software/

This publication represents the current ‘state-of-the-art’ for convening landscape partnerships.  It draws lessons about when to use different approaches in different contexts rather than preaching a single model.

The central approach is one of adaptive collaborative management; continuing feedback and learning is essential. The authors of the Guide made a strong effort to note ways to involve businesses successfully in landscape partnerships, but the cases, examples and tools described are relevant for involving all types of stakeholders.

TOOL: The Jurisdictional Risk Assessment: Using Public Data Platforms to Assess Deforestation Risks 

The Jurisdictional Risk Assessment (JRA) is a tool to help end-users better understand the extent and rate of past deforestation and deforestation activities occurring within certain political jurisdictions.  The purpose of this pilot study was to see if we could develop key performance indicators using historical data around illegal deforestation utilizing public data platforms such as Global Forest Watch.  The JRA is based on a set of key assessment indicators, designed to capture deforestation resulting from activities that are not permitted (e.g., use of fire), or that takes place where certain laws and policies prohibit deforestation or conversion – such as in primary forests, protected areas, peatland, and certain sections of the Forest Estate.  The Indonesia districts for the islands of Sumatra, and the Indonesian portion of Borneo and Papua, were chosen for this pilot study due to their relation to past, current, and potential palm oil production.

The team encourage you to not only read the report but to dig in to the data provided in the spreadsheet (summarized data can be found on tab 2, titled “Aggregated Risk Levels”). This effort aims to help inform due diligence efforts and increase the understanding of supply chains from an illegal deforestation perspective.  While the tool does not offer a perfect or comprehensive representation of risk – with several important limitations further detailed in the report – it may provide insights to inform future initiatives and actions focused on jurisdictional and landscape levels. 

The report has been developed by WWF-US Food and Forest teams.

Contact Lloyd Gamble for more information:  lloyd.gamble@wwfus.org 

http://produceprotectplatform.com/

This Platform aims at building a knowledge base for Sustainable Jurisdictions.  It helps companies and consumers identify places where specific commodities are sustainably produced.  

The Sustainable Jurisdictions website simplifyies the process for companies and consumers to purchase sustainable products and by making the status of jurisdictions that are producing commodities of interest accessible. The interface enables companies and consumers to search for places where particular commodities are produced sustainably. These tropical jurisdictions, which are sub-national governments working with companies and civil society, have taken significant steps to ensure that commodities are produced sustainably and ethically. The interface also enables companies to evaluate the performance of jurisdictions where they are currently sourcing commodities. If those jurisdictions are not meeting sustainability criteria, the interface provides a feature which enables companies to make express interest in—or make investments--to improve the sustainability of the jurisdiction.

Currently only four Latin American countries are featured.

A new and interesting white paper by the World Economic Forum 

KEY POINTS

  • Four key commodities for action to address deforestation - beef, soy, palm oil and pulp and paper - valued at $180 B annually
  • Most trade is domestic (55%)
  • Most of current production (50-90%) is linked to past deforestation
  • 40-90% of deforestation is caused by illegal activities as a result often of unclear land tenure
  • Investment opportunities around d-free trade in these four commodities is estimated at $200 B annually by 2020
  • Initial capital will be needed to trigger this transition but there is strong confidence this will produce a virtuous cycle of attractive returns, reduced risk and greater access to cheaper capital.

Link to document (also attached)

How to address challenges in multistakeholder settings

Posted by Helma Brandlmaier (No Access, has been declined) Jan 5, 2017

 Multiparty settings bring with them a range of special challenges and dynamics, making negotiations and problem solving quite complex. To succeed requires a structured process, proactive facilitation and interventions. 

WWF has developed training materials for its staff on how to handle challenges linked to multistakeholder negotiations. Even though they have been developed for WWF internal use the lessons are useful for non-WWF audiences and are shared in this forum to advance learning on the issue.

Multiparty problem-solving skills allow people to work together productively, to address issues/problems/conflicts in a constructive and strategic way and to  create opportunities for mutually acceptable or even win-win outcomes.

The learning materials include tips on:

  • understanding the complexity of different parties’ interests 
  • overcoming any lack of clarity about the problem faced 
  • determining who should be involved 
  • establishing whose interests participants really represent 
  • deciding how many people should be involved 
  • managing group dynamics 
  • catering for imbalances in power, resources, knowledge, personality and culture 
  • establishing clear communication channels

For more information contact hbrandlmaier@wwfdcp.org

Helma Brandlmaier

Senior Advisor Forest Sector Accountability
WWF Global Forest Programme
 
+43676842728219 (mobile)
+43721271178
skype: hbrandlmaier
www.panda.org/forests
 
 

Increasing numbers of governments, foundations, NGOs, and companies are looking to jurisdictional scale approaches as ways to help deliver sustainable and deforestation-free agricultural commodities.

Jurisdictional approaches to zero-deforestation commodities (JA-ZDCs) lie at the intersection of three existing strategies to reduce forest loss and degradation, along with improving the health and sustainability of rural and frontier economies: landscape approaches, jurisdictional approaches, and voluntary corporate sustainability efforts.  These three strategies are increasingly converging.

This WWF discussion paper maps the current landscape of why, where, who, and how actors are approaching this convergence, based on more than twenty-five interviews with thought leaders in this space.  We find that:

  • There are at least a few dozen examples of JA-ZDCs; however, most are relatively nascent in their development
  • These approaches take many different angles – including ’bottom-up‘ multi-stakeholder initiatives, global demand-side signals for commodities produced in reduced-deforestation jurisdictions, and place-based supply-side signals, e.g., in the form of jurisdictional certifications
  • Though there is a mix of enthusiasm and caution about the potential of JA-ZDCs, most interviewees view them as a challenging but promising development to help drive governments and commodity businesses (especially producers) to the table to establish shared goals and pathways to achieving them

Key priorities looking forward will include continued experimentation, innovation, and knowledge sharing from early initiatives; increased opportunities for forest country governments to articulate specifically what they need from private sector actors to achieve sustainable development goals and climate targets; and increased technical work to identify  how to scale and/or overlay farm- and plantation-level standards and progress in traceability with jurisdictional approaches that engage governments and incentivize land policy reform and/or implementation more broadly.

Systematic conservation planning

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Nov 9, 2016

Tool: Systematic conservation planning Insight review article

The realization of conservation goals requires strategies for managing whole landscapes including areas allocated to both production and protection. Reserves alone are not adequate for nature conservation but they are the cornerstone on which regional strategies are built. Reserves have two main roles. They should sample or represent the biodiversity of each region and they should separate this biodiversity from processes that threaten its persistence. Existing reserve systems throughout the world contain a biased sample of biodiversity, usually that of remote places and other areas that are unsuitable for commercial activities. A more systematic approach to locating and designing reserves has been evolving and this approach will need to be implemented if a large proportion of today's biodiversity is to exist in a future of increasing numbers of people and their demands on natural resources....(cont'd)

Link to article also attached below

Value and supply chains analysis

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Nov 9, 2016

Tool: WWF Transforming business site 

This site explores a number of priority commodities and highlights the risks, the impact and WWF's role in creating a sustainable supply chain.  

Link to site 

Free, prior and informed consent

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Nov 9, 2016

Tool: Free, Prior and Informed Consent and REDD+: Guidelines and Resources

SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS

■ Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) refers to the principle that indigenous peoples have a right to give or withhold consent to actions that will affect them, especially actions affecting their traditional lands, territories and natural resources.

■ WWF’s Statement of Principles on Indigenous Peoples and Conservation recognizes the right of indigenous peoples to FPIC to projects affecting their customary lands and resources, and states that WWF will not promote or support interventions affecting customary lands and resources that have not received FPIC.

■ FPIC is highly relevant to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) because REDD+ will involve changes in forest management and use that can affect the rights and livelihoods of indigenous peoples and local communities. FPIC enables communities to safeguard their rights and interests, and also shape REDD+ initiatives to support communities in ways that will contribute to successful outcomes.

■ FPIC is also relevant to the roles WWF may play in such REDD+ related activities as awareness-raising, capacitybuilding, project initiating, and informing the development of REDD+ policy frameworks.

■ Practical methodologies for FPIC are still evolving and need to be specific to local cultures and contexts. However, a number of recent publications have outlined general procedures to ensure that rights to FPIC are respected and supported. This working paper outlines a general set of procedures for FPIC for use by WWF programmes working on REDD+, drawing in particular on recent guidance from The Center for People and Forests (RECOFTC), the German development agency (GIZ), Oxfam and the Forest Peoples Programme. 1

■ National frameworks for FPIC are important to establish policy mandates and guidance for community-level processes. As highlighted by the UN-REDD Programme Guidelines on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (UNREDD Guidelines), some aspects of a national REDD+ strategy may also have implications for rights of indigenous peoples or other forest dependent communities that will require some form of consent.

■ As REDD+ readiness activities have advanced at national and sub-national levels, experience is also emerging on ways to share information with communities, build the capacity of communities to make informed decisions about REDD+, support communities in articulating their decision-making processes, and develop national FPIC guidelines. The Field Experiences section of this working paper documents emerging experiences from WWF programmes in Peru, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia.

■ The concluding section of this paper provides an annotated compilation of additional resources that provide more in-depth information

Full working paper attached below

Tool: Community tenure and REDD+ report

Secure community tenure is a critical foundation for equitable and effective REDD+ initiatives (Cotula and Mayers 2009). Recognizing and respecting customary rights to lands, territories and resources supports more effective stewardship of forests and safeguards against potential displacement risks. Clear rights to lands and resources will also signifi cantly infl uence who ultimately receives any future benefi ts from REDD+. Therefore, securing community forest tenure is fundamental to ensuring REDD+ benefi ts reach communities.

Link to document also attached below.

Tool: Strategic Environmental and Social Assessments for REDD+

The strategic evironmental and social assessment (SESA) was established by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) as an instrument to ensure the integration of environmental and social considerations during the formulation and implementation of the National REDD strategy: and that REDD Readiness activities under the FCPF comply with all applicable safeguards.  The integration of SESA to the preparatory work of REDD+ strengthens the space for policy dialogue already opened through the preparation of R-PP, supporting a more effective understanding of issues such as land and territory, engines and causes of deforestation, institutional capacity, and also identify transparent methodologies for measuring carbon reserves and stocks among other necessary factors for the National REDD+ strategy to function. 

SESA is a tool that connects the different components, actions and activities necessary to formulate a comprehensive and coherent REDD Strategy, during the implementation of R-PP. 

Link to full document also attached below.

 

Tool: Where the power lies - multiple stakeholder politics over natural resources: a participatory methods guide

This manual is a participatory methods guide is a tool to understand power relationships in stakeholder groups: 

(1) to assist those involved with multiple stakeholder situations or groups to appreciate and acknowledge the relevance and impact of micro-politics on stakeholder relations and resultant cooperative behaviour in these groups;

(2) to provide a simple and systematic approach or framework to gather and analyse data on micro-politics among multiple stakeholders;

(3) to highlight and offer practical suggestions for dealing with some of the methodological issues that influence gathering data on politics and relations among stakeholders;

(4) to suggest some methods drawn from participatory methodologies like Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Action Research (PAR) that can be used in data gathering. Data from two sites in Zimbabwe are presented at various stages and the annexes to illustrate how this framework can be applied and show the type of data that can be gathered.

Tool: Who counts most in sustainable forest management? (CIFOR)

This paper proposes a method for identifying and defining the most significant actors in sustain- able forest management. A rationale for the importance of differentiating among various forest stakeholders is first provided. Significant stakeholders identified in forest management units in Kalimantan, Côte d’Ivoire, and the USA are described. These descriptions are followed by a discussion of six important dimensions along which groups of people vary in their relations with the forest (proximity, pre-existing rights, dependency, indigenous knowledge, culture/forest integration, and power deficits). Finally, a simple scoring technique is proposed and demonstrated for the three contexts described earlier.

Tool:  HWC ‘Safe Systems’ approach

The buffers that previously kept wildlife and people separate are disappearing, due to the human population boom and the land area needed for settlements, agriculture and transport, as well as the compounding impacts of climate change. The resulting conflicts between people and wildlife (e.g. attacks on people, livestock / meat storage, or crop depredation) result in degradation of community livelihoods and security, as well as either the retaliatory killing of wildlife, or the gradual loss of tolerance to wildlife in that area. Thus the future for wildlife conservation and community security and development lies in how we handle Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC).

Current approaches to HWC globally suffer from two critical weaknesses: they have an isolated focus on certain symptoms of conflict; and they lack coherent long term direction.

Our answer is the HWC ‘Safe Systems’ approach, a holistic, long term and results based approach which is a paradigm shift from the current context. The approach is innovative in that it draws directly from the ‘Safe Systems’ approach used for road transport, which has had remarkable success in reducing road traffic accident mortality.

Multi stakeholder Initiatives

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Oct 11, 2016

The extent to which particular stakeholder groups can be involved in decision-making varies with national and local politics; it is important to operate within these boundaries and not make promises about participation and decision-making that are impossible to keep. In many cases, the ideal will be for stakeholder platforms to be convened by or with the relevant government department or research institute, so that collective decisions have a governance basis for implementation.

Tool:  A Guide to Multi Stakeholder Work (The Water Dialogues)

This guide summarises the tools and methods used and the lessons learned from The Water Dialogues –
a project that brings together a wide range of stakeholders to address a highly controversial issue around
the privatisation of water supply and sanitation services with the aim of improving policy and practice.

Although its contents are rooted in the experience of The Water Dialogues project, the guide should be
useful to anyone who is planning to develop their own form of multistakeholder work.

As well as providing tips on developing and maintaining multistakeholder processes, the guide also includes
examples of potential difficulties and strategies for avoiding or resolving these.

You can find more information on the Water Dialogues here.

Stakeholder Analysis

Posted by Deesha Chandra (Admin) Oct 11, 2016

Various tools exist for stakeholder and institutional mapping; most are best used with a trained facilitator and also someone who knows the landscape well. It is important to identify all stakeholders groups and find out how they interact.

Tool:  Identify stakeholder groups e.g. Stakeholder Analysis (WWF)

A “stakeholder” can be defined as:

Any individual, group, or institution who has a vested interest in the natural resources of the
project area and/or who potentially will be affected by project activities and have something
to gain or lose if conditions change or stay the same.

Stakeholders are all those who need to be considered in achieving project goals and whose
participation and support are crucial to its success. Stakeholder analysis identifies all primary and
secondary stakeholders who have a vested interest in the issues with which the project or policy is
concerned. The goal of stakeholder analysis is to develop a strategic view of the human and
institutional landscape, and the relationships between the different stakeholders and the issues they
care about most.

ROAM forest landscape restoration

Posted by Paul Chatterton (No Access, has been declined) Oct 11, 2016

Tool: Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology

The Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM) provides a flexible and affordable framework for countries to rapidly identify and analyse forest landscape restoration (FLR) potential and locate specific
areas of opportunity at a national or sub-national level.

ROAM can support the development of national restoration programmes and strategies, enabling countries to define and implement pledges to the Bonn Challenge target (to restore 150 million hectares worldwide by 2020) and thereby meet their existing international commitments under CBD, UNCCD and UNFCCC.

Overall, ROAM can be expected to generate the following types of outcomes:
• Better information for improved land-use decision-making;
• High-level political support for FLR;
• Inputs for national strategies on FLR, REDD+, adaptation and biodiversity, among others, and for mutually reinforcing convergence between such strategies;
• A basis for better allocation of resources within restoration programmes;
• Engagement of key policy-makers and decision-makers from different sectors, as well as other stakeholders with interests in how landscapes are managed; and
• Shared understanding of FLR opportunities and the value of multifunctional landscapes.

ROAM is an initative of IUCN and WRI. 

REDD+

Posted by Paul Chatterton (No Access, has been declined) Oct 11, 2016

Tool: REDD+

REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) is an international instrument introduced in 2007 into internation law and confirmed at the Warsaw Climate Conference in 2015.  It provides a system where developing countries can be rewarded for performance in reducing deforestation and preventing associated carbon emissions.  REDD+ has since become a significant tool for large scale action on climate, forest management, climate smartagriculture and green economy. 

This guide provides REDD+ practitioners with the information needed to develop national and subnational REDD+ strategies. It draws on the experiences of WWF’s international REDD+ project teams and their partners, the latest literature on REDD+ practices and emerging REDD+ best practices around the world. It is designed to provide a holistic understanding of REDD+ for practitioners whether they work in a single area of REDD+ or across the field of REDD+. The guide is alsodesigned to expand as new information becomes available, and will be regularly updated.

For more information contact forestclimate@wwfus.org

Download individual chapters or versions in Spanish and Bahasa here

Prizes

Posted by Paul Chatterton (No Access, has been declined) Oct 10, 2016

Prizes can stretch your money much further, greatly increase impact and generate an innovation community.  The Space X prize issued by Peter Diamandis greatly accelerated returnable space missions.  This article explores a range of prize types and ways of establishing them.

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